Compiling Perl, Python and Ruby

If I remember correctly I heard people from various downstream Linux distributions complain that perl is too big. I know that they have already started to split the standard distribution of perl into pieces. For example Debian, and thus Ubuntu have a separate package called perl-doc that includes the documentation of Perl.

On the other hand I know that the standard library of Python has a lot of modules that are not included in the standard distribution of Perl.

So I set out to check how much disk space do the standard distributions of the 3 major dynamic languages take up.

At least on a Linux box.

Perl

perl.org has links how to download binary version for the major operating systems, and the source code of Perl.

CPAN has the source code and the instruction how to compile and install Perl.

I picked up the tar.gz file of 5.18.0. The file size of the source: 17 Mb, Unzipped source: 87 Mb, Installed size: 71Mb

Instructions to download, build and install Perl:


    wget http://www.cpan.org/src/5.0/perl-5.18.0.tar.gz
    tar -xzf perl-5.18.0.tar.gz
    cd perl-5.18.0
    ./Configure -des -Dprefix=$HOME/local/perl
    make
    make test
    make install

Disk usage using du -ms several times I get the following directory sizes (in Mb):


    perl    71
      bin      3
      lib      50
      man      19


Python

python.org has instructions how to download Python.

Using Python 2.7.5 tgz file size of the source: 14Mb, Unzipped source: 70 Mb, Installed size: 108 Mb

Instructions to download, build and install Python:


    wget http://www.python.org/ftp/python/2.7.5/Python-2.7.5.tgz
    tar xzf Python-2.7.5.tgz
    cd Python-2.7.5
    ./configure  --prefix $HOME/local/python
    make
    make test
    make install

Disk usage using du -ms several times I get the following directory sizes (in Mb):


    python   108
       bin          8
       include      1
       lib         99
           libpython2.7.a   14
           pkgconfig         1
           python2.7        86
       share        1

Ruby

ruby-lang.org has the instructions how to download Ruby.

Ruby 2.0.0-p247 file size 14Mb, Unzipped source: 74 Mb, Installed size: 352Mb


    wget ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/2.0/ruby-2.0.0-p247.tar.gz
    tar xzf ruby-2.0.0-p247.tar.gz
    cd ruby-2.0.0-p247/
    ./configure --prefix $HOME/local/ruby
    make
    make test
    make install

Disk usage using du -ms several times I get the following directory sizes (in Mb):


    ruby    352
      bin        13
      include     1
      lib        72
         libruby-static.a    41
         pkgconfig            1
         ruby                32
      share     268
         doc                198
         man                  1
         ri                  70

Summary

PerlPythonRuby
Version:5.18.02.7.52.0.0-p247
zipped size:171414
unzipped size:877074
installed size:71108352

Sizes in Mb after compilation and installation as described above on a Linux box.

So it seems Perl has the smallest footprint among the 3 languages.

At another time I think I'll need to compare what libraries each one of the languages comes with and how would installing comparative libraries in the other languages would impact the installation size.

Published on 2013-07-18 by Gabor Szabo

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